Disaster Archaeology

Anything new on archaeodisasters

ATLANTIS - a leading worldwide disaster myth. XI

The paleoanthropological evidence


The Rh negative trait, the ancient mtDNA and Genetic Archaeology


Are there some special characteristics associated with being Rh-negative? The Neanderthal women seem to have this blood type, meaning only one healthy child (the first) and a  proness to infectious diseases (eg plague). Modern research has shown that at least 5% of the genetic material of modern Europeans & West Africans has an archaic origin, due to interbreeding with Neanderthal and a hitherto unknown archaic African population.  The Berbers from Morocco and the Basques from Euskadi had this trait, the later having also one of the highest percentages of type-O blood (55%). It appears that the Basque Rh-neg factors come from ancient Berber sea farers as early as 8,000 BC! Both were the most knowledgeable and most daring navigators of the Atlantic Ocean. The Ireland is mostly agricultural, but the NE province of Ulster, has heavy industry and also has the highest frequency of Rh-negative people on the island. The Scottish people have more people with Rh-negative blood than any other group. The heavy steel industry in Glasgow was built by them. The people of the Hansa City of Bergen in Norway have the highest concentration of Rh-negative blood in that country and have long been known for their ship building industry and navigation of the N. Atlantic. For many centuries its ships have dominated the Greenland trade. In some areas of the world, the Rh-Negative blood factor is referred to as "Blood Royale" or "Royal Blood". It now seems that Welsh, Irishmen, ancient Celts and Basques were genetic blood-brothers.

Rh O-Neg is used as it is a universal donor type. Consequently, the blood of those people contained none of the factors A, B, or Rh. There are other physical characteristics of humans which are typically associated with Rh-negative blood, too, eg early maturity, large head and eyes, high IQ, lower than normal body temperature, lower than normal blood pressure, and higher mental analytical abilities.

On the other hand,  Rhesus, Gm, HLA, and DNA data have been analyzed by modern scientists. Their frequent haplotypes are compared between populations by means of genetic distances and average linkage clustering. Despite heterogeneities between the quality and the quantity of data provided by different genetic systems, some clear conclusions can be drawn. Haplogroup L2 is native to sub-Saharan Africa, where it is present in approximately one third of all people. It is believed to have arisen between 87 to 107 kya.

Furthermore, in 1997, a fifth mtDNA haplogroup was identified in Native Americans. the ‘"X," which is present 3%  of living Native Americans. Haplogroup X was not then found in Asia, but was found only in Europe and the Middle East where 2% - 4% of the population carry it. In addition, the 'X’ type has now been found in the ancient remains of the Basque. The X haplogroup appears to have entered America in limited numbers perhaps as long ago as 34.000 B.C. Around 12,000 B.C. to 10.000 B.C. it appeared in much greater numbers. So, is the X the Atlantean haplogroup?

Moreover, the largest of the Berber-speaking groups, the Kabyles of Algeria, as well as the Riffian from Morroco, do not refer to themselves as Berbers but as Imazighen or, in the singular, as Amazigh, which means noble or free men. They are blue-eyed and blond-haired, and were associated with the Megaliths of North Africa. The blond Libyans of antiquity appeared at about the same time that these monuments were constructed. Similarly, the blond Amorites of ancient Palestine, were linked to the Megaliths which are found there. Equally, the blond Guanches of the Canary Islands, seem to have produced their own stone buildings.

Additionally, Edgar Cayce's readings state Atlanteans fled at three different times (10,000 B.C., 28,000 B.C., and 50,000 B.C.). Amazingly, Haplogroup X and B — two of 42 major ancient mtDNA groups are now identified in specific locations and populations of the world.




⋈ The race of the giants


Could there been a giant race existing before the flood?

Everywhere on Earth, there is skeletal evidence of very tall people.

In 1520, when the famous Portuguese explorer Magellan anchored his ships in the harbour of San Julian, he and his crew were startled to encounter a giant of a man, nearly ten feet tall and a voice like a bull. And he was not alone, but belonged to a tribe of giants who lived nearby. Magellan and his men captured two specimens, shipping them aboard, but they died before the return journey was halfway completed. Sir Francis Drake, who passed through San Julian in 1578, mentions that he, too, saw two men who stood nine feet tall, and in the years that followed similar reports were made by adventurers. In 1615, two more travellers, Jacob le Maire and Wilhelm Schouten, recorded that they had discovered a pair of human skeletons, each nine feet in length. In 1712, the Spanish authorities there filed repeated reports of a race of giants living in the wild interior, not many miles from the town of Valdivia, Chile. The last sighting seems to have taken place in 1764, when Commodore Byron, grandfather of the famous poet, saw them at Cabo Virgines. (From Giants - The Vanquished Race of Mighty Men by Roy Norvill).

In 1891, at Crittenden, Arizona, some workers digging the foundation of a new building at a depth of eight feet struck a huge stone sarcophagus. When they were able to open the lid, inside were the remains of a nine-foot tall giant which time had reduced mostly to a pile of dust. While searching in a cave near the great canyon of Barranc de Cobre in N. Mexico in the early 1930s, explorer Paxton Hayes came across 34 mummified men and women. All had blond hair. All rose to heights between seven and eight feet. In 1903, on an archaeological outing at Fish Creek, Montana, Professor S. Farr and his group of Princeton University students came across several burial mounds. Choosing one to dig into, they unearthed the skeleton of a man about nine feet tall. Next to him were the bones of a woman who had been almost as tall (From Genesis 6 - Giants by Stephen Quayle).

"There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually." Genesis 6:4-5.

In worldwide mythologies, the existence of giant human creatures is also testified.

The Nephilim: These were the Sons of God who in Genesis interbred with humans, creating a race of giants. They were called “The Watchers” in The Book of Enoch. The Cainites: This was a race of giants descended from Cain who lived in an underworld kingdom called “Arka”.  The Anakim: This was another name for the Watchers. It means “the descendants of Anak”, or Enoch, Cain’s son. Though it was said that a flood had been sent to destroy them, there were still entire cities of Anakim in Canaan as late as the time of Moses. And Jewish chronicler Josephus states that even in his own day it was not uncommon for people to dig up gigantic skeletal remains.

The Bible also tells of strife between David and the giant Goliath, ending with the defeat of the latter. The Tritons: This was a race of giant gods, spawned by the interbreeding of Poseidon with a mortal woman named Cleito. In some versions of the story they are part-fish. Some are said to have escaped the flood that destroyed Atlantis. The Titans: These were a Greek race of giants born to Ouranos and Gaia.Atlas: He was the King of Atlantis, and a Triton/giant. He was so large and so strong that he often represented holding the Earth upon his shoulders. Quetzlcoatl: This was the giant white god who appeared to native South Americans and founded their civilizations, according to their folktales. He too is depicted supporting the Earth on his shoulders, and he told the natives that the civilization from which he originated was destroyed by a flood which he escaped by building a ship. Hercules: He is also a giant, and is said to have piloted an ark. Cuculainn: He is called the Irish Hercules, and came to Ireland in a ship when his homeland was destroyed by a flood. Interestingly, he seems to equate with the South American white god Kukulcan, a figure of “very tall stature” who arrived on a boat telling much the same story. Votan: This is yet another tall white tutelary deity of South America. Once again we see the strange circumstance that his name sounds exactly like that of the Northern European god Wotan, a deity worshipped on the in an altogether different hemisphere. The Tuatha de Danaan: This was a race of Celtic giants and father gods. Like the Cainites and other giants, they were said to dwell in underground kingdoms or inside hollow mountains. Albion: He was one of the Titan giants fathered by Poseidon. He came to England after the Flood and was for many years the island’s principle god. In those times England was actually called “Albion”, after their Titan god/king. In fact, many British places place-names retain the words “Albion” or “Albany” to this very day. Iberius: A Titan and brother of Albion, he went to Spain after the Flood. And likewise, Spain was for centuries named Iberia in his honour. The Cyclopes: One-eyed giants in Greek mythology. It was said that they built the city of Mycenae in Greece out of massive blocks weighing many tons each. This is why similar constructions found at Baalbek, Lake Titicaca and elsewhere are referred to as having “Cyclopean” architecture. The Kabeiri: This was a race of giant blacksmith gods said to live in hollowed-out volcanoes. They had tattoos on their foreheads of a large solar disc, leading to speculation that the myth of the one-eyed Cyclopes may have originated with them (from Giants on the Earth - by Boyd Rice).

In ancient Greek Literature, Herodotus (1.68) describes how the Spartans uncovered in Tegea the body of Orestes which was around 3,3 m. In his book The Comparison of Romulus with Theseus Plutarch describes how the Athenians uncovered the body of Theseus, which was of more than ordinary size. The kneecaps of Ajax were exactly the size of a discus for the boy's pentathlon, wrote Pausanias. Finally, tales of combat with giants were a common feature in the folklore of Wales, Scotland and Ireland.

Diodorus of Sicily asserts that in the days of Isis, all men were of a vast stature, who were denominated by the Hellenes Giants”, and,  speaking of Atlantis, says: “….it is an island of considerable size, a number of days’ voyage to the west….the dwelling-place of a race of gods [Giants], not men. In ancient times this island remained undiscovered, because of its distance from the other inhabitants of the world….” Then, Ammianus Marcellinus (4th cent. CE), while enumerating the different sorts of vulcanism, says: “It was by a chasmaties (in which the force of the commotion opens gulfs in the Earth and swallows a whole country) that there was engulfed, in the profound night of Erebus, an isle in the Atlantic sea that was more spacious than all Europe….”  Elian (died A.D. 140) quotes from Theopompus, a Greek historian of Chios, (4th cent. B.C.) “speaks of a continent, infinite and immeasurable, which the ocean circumscribes. The men who dwell there have more than twice our stature….Two cities are there, one peaceful, the other warlike. The warlike city sent ten million men to invade Europe”.  Pliny speaks of a giant in whom he thought he recognized Orion, the son of Ephialtes (Nat. Hist., vol. VII, ch. xvi.). Plutarch declares that Sertorius saw the tomb of Antaeus, the giant; and Pausanias accepts the actual existence of the tombs of Asterius and of Geryon, or Hillus, son of Hercules -- all giants, Titans and mighty men.


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An autonomous scientific field by Dr. Amanda Laoupi (2005)


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